Friday, August 7, 2020

Preparing for the real world

Preparing for the real world Hey folks, TGIF! I got an email from Tanya 10 earlier this week, who said that she wanted to write up a little entry about how GEL prepared her for life outside of the MIT bubble. I love hearing other students take on this program because its one of those you get what you give sort of experiences, so different people take away different messages. Matt 11, another GEL, was featured in the winter 2011 issue of MITs Spectrum newsletter that goes out to friends and supporters of MIT. I agree that the hands-on approach helps this program stand out from all my lecture-based classes! Anyway, Tanyas text begins below. Enjoy! ================================================= It could have been any number of early mornings my freshman year at MIT. There I was, slaving over a 18.02 or 8.012 pset at 3AM, being really no closer to finishing than I was a few hours earlier. On his way through the lounge, one of the upperclassmen in my dorm stopped by to comfort me. “Don’t worry,” he said, “After this, the real world will be easy.” I heard that sentiment echoed many times during my years at MIT from anyone from second-term freshmen to recent alums returning to regale us with tales of life after graduation. For most of my time at the Institute, I fully believed them, using their optimism and encouragement to convince myself to pull through just one more all-nighter. The problem is, being a recent graduate myself, I’m not entirely convinced they were right. The problem with psets and labs are that they are confined, defined problems with a predetermined solution. You know when you have reached the “right answer,” and the problems are intentionally designed to be solved by one or two people, ideally of the same background and skill set. Ask anyone from the “real world” how realistic that situation is and chances are you’ll be greeted with a mixture of laughter and sympathetic looks. MIT does the best job in the world for preparing you for the technical challenges you will face in industry, and if your future job involves sitting in a cubicle solving well-defined problems fed to you by a benevolent manager, then you’re in luck because the “real world” will probably seem pretty easy compared to your time at MIT. However, for the vast majority of you who will work in teams made of people with diverse backgrounds on problems that are both ill-defined and complex, you may find that MIT only gave you a few pieces of the puzzle. That’s why it’s so great that programs like GEL are becoming part of the MIT curriculum. GEL very much fills a hole left by traditional coursework, and that’s how to deal with all the parts of your job that aren’t solitary technical problem-solving. To highlight this gap, I’ll give an example from my own post-MIT experience. When I started grad school, my first (and still ongoing) project was part of an industry collaboration with my lab and involved running a coordinated study across four countries, all of whom would have their own quasi-independent operating teams. One of those countries is China, and there have been a lot of unanticipated complications arising both from the language barrier and cultural differences. Each of the teams also wanted to pull the project in a certain direction, and we had to make sure that the teams were given enough independence while still ensuring that their data would contribute to the overall project. Furthermore, our main industry contacts (and therefore the people to whom we had to report) were PR and marketing professionals who understood very little about academic research. It has been a separate challenge to try to run a legitimate research project while also fitting into the timescale and budget imposed by our industry collaborators, all while justifying our decisions to people whose background and knowledge of the field is completely different. I might have been in over my head, but luckily some of the core skills of the GEL program taught me how to work with people from diverse backgrounds and internationally. Many GEL ELLs taught me effective communication skills so I could effectively share my ideas with someone of a non-technical background and, similarly, understand their point of view and goals. My GEL InternshipPlus took me to England, where I learned to work with people from a different culture and in a different work environment. Finally, my contacts in the GEL program are a vital and consistent support network for me: I have reached out to the GEL staff for help with my current project even though I have graduated, and their assistance has been invaluable. I can’t really say that any of my academic classes at MIT prepared me for many the challenges I’ve faced since graduating, and with the dynamics of both industry and academia changing rapidly, it’s reasonable to say that you too might be surprised by the things required of you once you leave the relative safety being evaluated based purely on coursework. The value of the GEL program is in preparing you to face those challenges. Not only will you know more what to expect, but you will be prepared and will therefore excel in ways that you never knew you could. I am grateful every day that I had GEL to teach me the things I never would have learned at MIT otherwise, and I know that I will apply many of the lessons I learned in the program throughout my career. I highly encourage all of you to take advantage of one of the best opportunities MIT has to offer. You won’t regret it.

Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Describe Experience of Time Spent at a Black Church - 1650 Words

Describe Experience of Time Spent at a Black Church (Research Paper Sample) Content: Name:Instructors Name:Course Number:Date:Experience of time spent at a black churchSpending a day at black church at Charleston African church in America is enough to tell the gravity of racism that still take dominion over these churches. While the majority of people and mostly scholars reinstate that the American religion dates back in 14th and 15th century, being the earliest time when the element of racial identity begun taking roots, it become difficult to establish the interconnection between religious type of worship that the people who were slaves in America Upheld and how it conformed with what the Original American believed. Talking to the congregation of this church before, during and after service poses a serious concern on what the African in the church believe and what they uphold in terms of race and relationship. Therefore, considering the encounter that I had in Charleston African church, I will point out the effect of racism, how I have overcome raci sm and how improvements can be made in terms of racial relationship in America in regard to the experience and response that I gathered from the congregation while I was this church.For instance, while in the church, the way the service was carried out was clear indication on the impact of racism to the congregation. The leaders are always preaching while they relate the preachers summon to the journey that the blacks underwent while serving as slaves under the white rulers. When I ask the leaders why they still relate to the past racial experience, all of them assert that though the blacks have been liberated, there are still more cases of segregation of the blacks not only in the political sphere but also in terms of religion. They claim to take charge of ensuring that every African generation is aware of the suffering that the early Africans were subjected to.Again, in reference to Blokke, he explains the mission of the churches that the significance of historic African American churches was considered in light of the fact that their central role in the community made them a popular target for racial violence  (73). Thus the church of Charleston has also suffered the same violence not only once but many times which has increased religious racism. To the responses I received from the congregation, in Charleston black church, I can attest that racism has affected members of not only this church but also other black churches in America ad this is due to the below reason provided by the members I talked; first in their church, the majority of the people champions the africanism only by re-introducing and re-establishing their original form of worship that they believe it suits the African beliefs. This means that if one is not an African, its hard to adapt with numerous cultural beliefs being championed in African churches. Another racism has taken dominance is that in this church, the majority of them still have the same attitude about the whites being boss y and manipulative as it was during slavery period. Again, they confirmed that apart from the Charleston church, many African churches have the overseers or the leaders of the church from the African race, and the majority of people around them are from African racial group which becomes difficult for other races to adapt with such leadership. They also reiterated that the essence of Africans wanting to have their own churches and leadership has in fact widened the racial rift between the them and the whites which in turn has created a sense of hatred between the Africans and the whites, on the other hand, the whites perceive Africans as mare uncivilized people who are illiterate and thats why its difficult to closely relate on the basis of religion.Another effect of racism that the congregation portrayed was the element of segregation which they claim that it was and its still heavily evident in the church and other areas like Louisiana where blacks still want to have their own chu rches where they can carry out their worship and this behavior date back in 19th century where people were to worship in houses for example the house of John G. Lewis that was converted into a parish for worship (Blokke, 62). The element of Africans having their place to sit in the church was evident and the congregation asserted that its a system that has existed for centuries and it has become difficult to change it considering that many African churches could not carry out evangelism without the consent of the whites, besides, organizing seminars and conference on racial lines in the United States and the imbalance of all races in churches has a serious affect to the whites in any black church (Harold, 14). In most cases, for the whites who attend service in this church, they partially participate in the events of the church since they are considered less important which still widen the racial gap. The blacks in the church asserted that they own the church and therefore the white s who attend service have no right participate in the decision making process in the church the way the blacks do.By the look of things, overcoming racism in a black church is one difficult thing. The congregation confirmed that overcoming racial relationship in the church is one of the hardest test in life, for instance, they said that racism has been there since the slavery period in the United State for about the last six centuries and they still live under the second type of slavery which is racism. For instance, they said that living by what people and the country want them to live is what makes them withstand effect of racism. Besides, the segregation of the whites in African churches will still remain; however the whites becoming persistent and trying to adjust with what the blacks implement will help them overcome religious racism.Furthermore, the black congregation asserts that the other way to overcome racism is by showing value for the African cultures and beliefs which w ill compel the Africans to accept other races in their churches when they discovered that the whites have value for their cultures. Another issue that affect how people can overcome racism is the fact that the majority of the black or African race believe that the whites are the most racist both politically and in religion and they attest that the political system in America has compelled them to separate themselves since the whites use the advantage of political power deny them their right hence many have made decisions to worship at their homes and their specific African churches where they can handle their racial specific affairs (Blokke 58-63. However, many blacks are optimistic that despite the fact that there are churches specifically know to be for the Africans and the Whites, the current governments work together with religious leaders to unify the believers and ensure that aspect of African Specific churches and Whites specific churches is eliminated and at the end it will help overcome religious racism.In terms of facilitating improvement in racial relationship, the leaders of the church at Charleston confirm that there is still a lot more to be done. For instance, they said that most of the states in the Southern part of America are dominated by the blacks; hence the churches in this region have the majority of the congregation as Africans. This applies to the northern part of United States where the majority of the people are whites and so the churches are dominated by the whites. In line with religious racism, the leaders said that the churches known to be specifically for whites have recently been in limelight over the issue of gay marriage, polyandry and violation of women sexuality and gender for African women which has heavily been opposed by the Elite African women (Collins 110). They said that the...

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Temporarily Help Memory And Thinking Problems Essay

temporarily help memory and thinking problems in patients. (7, p.1046). Additionally, the effectiveness of these drugs varies between patients (3). According to the Alzheimer’s Association there are several promising new drug therapies in the development stages that may be more effective in stopping the disease progression and ultimately curing Alzheimer’s patients. Two drugs, in particular, in the research stage, show exciting potential. The first, Solanezumab, is designed to lower the levels of beta-amyloid in the brain thereby stopping the damaging plaques from adhering to brain tissue. The second, CSP-1103, is a microglial modulator that targets inflammation in the brain and also works to prevent beta-amyloid from being deposited on brain tissue (3). Other notable areas of research include: Researchers are working to stop tau proteins in the brain from becoming impaired (3). Tau protein, which normally stabilizes the nerve cell, becomes damaged and tangled and ultimately destroys the neuron in Alzheimer’s disease. Additionally, studies are underway regarding the use of intranasal insulin therapy as a possible treatment (3). Research has been limited by the fact that living brain tissue of Alzheimer’s patients cannot be removed for study. Within the past few years though, stem cell scientists have successfully converted living cells from AD patients into the types of neurons that are affected by Alzheimer’s disease (induced pluripotent stem cells). This is significantShow MoreRelatedPsychology Chapter 7 and 8 Vocab870 Words   |  4 PagesChapter 7 * Encoding-entering/getting information into your memory; forming a memory code * Storage- saving information into your memory over time * Retrieval- being able to recall information from memory * Tip- of-the-tongue phenomenon- when you know certain information but have difficulty being able to recall it. * Attention- focusing your awareness to certain thing * Structural encoding- emphasizes the physical structures of a stimulus * Phonemic encoding- emphasizesRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease, And Vascular Dementia1565 Words   |  7 Pagesassociated with the declination in thinking skills, and memory. There are two major types of Dementia that are most commonly seen. These types are Alzheimer’s disease, and vascular dementia. Treatment of dementia does vary based upon the initial cause over dementia. For the most progressive types, an example being Alzheimer’s disease, there is no known cure and no treatment that slows or stops its progression entirely. However, there are drug treatments that may temporarily improve symptoms for certainRead More Factors, Symptoms and Treatment of Alzheimers Disease Essay943 Words   |  4 Pagesearly stages of the disease, scientists have estimated that 500,000 people in their 30’s, 40’s and 50’s that have Alzheimer disease or a related dementia. Younger individuals may have problems with memory, thinking and concentration. The form of dementia is a term for the loss of memory and other intellectual abilities that interferes with their daily life. There’s serve types of dementia such as vascular dementia, mixed dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, and frontotemporalRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease : A Type Of Dementia1154 Words   |  5 Pages Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia that causes problems with your memory and behavior. Dementia is a term for the severe loss of mental ability that it interferes with your daily life. This is caused by damage to the brain cells. Alzheimer s disease is the most common type of dementia and is characterized by gradual declines mental abilities (Journal of Clinical Diagnostic Research, 2016). The disease slowly attacks nerve cells in all parts of the brain and some surrounding structuresRead More Alzheimers Disease Essay1068 Words   |  5 Pagesand results in impaired memory, thinking and behavior. Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia. Dementia is the lost of thinking, remembering and reasoning so bad it screws up ability to do daily functions and eventually resolves in death. Dr. Alois Alzheimer’s first discovered the disease in 1906. Sin ce then research has developed a deeper understanding of the changes in the brain. Warning sign’s of Alzheimers are memory loss that affects home and job skills, problem in speaking, poor judgmentRead MoreFamily with Alzheimers1063 Words   |  4 PagesFamily with Alzheimer’s Part 1 Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive, degenerative disorder that attacks the nerve cells, resulting in loss of memory, thinking and skills, and behavioral changes (America, 2014). This disease now has a huge impact on my own life, and the lives of those who are closest to me. Around the age of 67, my grandma started forgetting things periodically. I can remember her saying, â€Å"Where did I put those keys?† â€Å"I just had them.† People did not think much of it; they justRead MoreThe Exact Cause of Dementia Essay906 Words   |  4 Pagesof Dementia is damage to the brain cells; it affects the way the brain cells are able to communicate with one another. When the cells aren’t able to communicate, it commonly disturbs thinking, behavior, and feelings. Synapse or neuron to neuron functioning is dismal which results in confusion and communication problems. Many things can cause damage to the brain cells such as, diseases that cause deterioration in the bra in like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Strokes, nutritional deficiencies, and headRead MoreAlzheimers Disease: The Disease of Memory Loss722 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿ Alzheimers Disease - the disease of memory loss Marlene Targ Brill uses, in her book about Alzheimers, Nancy Reagans quote to describe this awful neurodegenerative disease. Alzheimers disease is a cruel disease that steals lives. Its hard to know what to expect. The years of exchanging memories of old age are gone. Its long, long good-bye (Nancy Reagan, former First Lady, pg 10). Alzheimers symptoms are most often confused with normal symptoms of aging, although they have a greaterRead MoreEssay on Alzheimers Disease1236 Words   |  5 Pagesneurological disorder that leads to impairments in memory, thinking and reasoning. AD is the most common cause of dementia in older people, and mainly affects people 65 and over. Within the last few years, there have been drugs that can temporarily treat the patients, but it remains a form of dementia that is irreversible. The disease is very hard on both the person who receives the diagnosis and on his or her family and friends. Aside from medical help, those affected by the diagnosis may wa nt to considerRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease : A Progressive Disease1663 Words   |  7 Pages Posted by FANCY KELLEY At 01/31/16 15:06 Alzheimer s disease is a progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions. At first, someone with Alzheimer s disease may notice mild confusion and difficulty remembering. Eventually, people with the disease may even forget important people in their lives and undergo dramatic personality changes. Alzheimer s disease is the most common cause of dementia — a group of brain disorders that cause the loss of intellectual and

Monday, May 18, 2020

Hurricane Response - 820 Words

Hurricane Response The objective of this study is to become more sensitized and knowledgeable about preparations, impact, and response to disaster. Recommendations for improvement will be made. If one will, then imagine for a moment the condition of one who is, following a major weather-related disaster, homeless, wet, cold, hungry, tired, hungry and scared having lost possessions and nearly ones life. Upon applying for assistance from FEMA, those applying are instructed to access FEMA online for assistance. Consider that there is no power and will not be for days and possibly weeks and even if there were, one cannot return home to use their computer because it is flooded or washed away by the sea. This is just one example of the horrors that were suffered by victims of Hurricane Sandy along the north-eastern U.S. coast most recently. This is an example of a poor and cold response to individuals who are in real and dire need. It is reported in the work of Reynolds (2012) After Sandy struck, some areas did worse than others, and FEMA as with Katrina got bad press. Manhattan was hit hard, but the outer boroughs suffered more. Staten Island residents say they were forgotten by relief efforts and one press report called the island a giant mud puddle of dead dreams. (p.1) The problem is however, how to reach the masses who are scattered and dispersed in all direction following such an event as a Hurricane. This same problem was experienced by FEMA during the aftermath ofShow MoreRelatedThe Response Of Hurricane Katrina1625 Words   |  7 Pagesinequality more attention is provided to those in hardship. A prime example of this is New Orleans when Hurricane Katrina hit. Before the hurricane hit the only time I had hear of New Orleans was if someone was speaking about doing down to Mardi Gras. The people affected by the hurricane lost a lot. Many lost their homes, tangible possessions stored in their homes, animals, and some lost their lives. Hurricane Katrina was a huge devastatio n to the country, but many survivors say they did not get adequateRead MoreGovernment Response Of Hurricane Katrina1194 Words   |  5 PagesGovernment Response to Hurricane Katrina Levels of Government In my opinion, all three levels of government failed the people of New Orleans in responding to Hurricane Katrina. There was plenty of pushing the blame on one another that ended up delaying responses and finding results. It seemed like one level of government would try saying the other level of government is responsible for that role. For example, The Director of FEMA, Michael Brown would say that the local and state are in charge ofRead MorePublic Policy Response to Hurricane Katrina1983 Words   |  8 PagesPUBLIC POLICY RESPONSE TO HURRICANE KATRINA Summary As the Gulf States begin the massive task of reconstruction after Hurricane Katrina, the nation is actively engaged in a dialogue concerning the lessons learned from this catastrophe, and the best options moving forward. Many are asking whether the aid package and policies proposed by President Bush are the right approach to rebuilding and restoring the region. While the hurricane shines a much needed spotlight on a number of societal issues, itRead MoreWal-Mart’s Response to Hurricane Katrina1800 Words   |  8 PagesWal-Mart’s Response to Hurricane Katrina So far in the American history, hurricane Katrina remains to be one of the most devastating hurricanes to have ever been witnessed. Though preparation were already in place to counter its effects, the storm’s impact turned out to be one of the most unprecedented ever seen. This is even notable from the way government agencies reacted to this disaster. It brought out the inefficiencies and inadequacies of the emergency units both at the federal and state levelRead MoreHurricane Katrin Disaster Response And Recovery System2328 Words   |  10 PagesHurricane Katrina has been noted as one of the costliest and deadliest natural disasters in US history. This paper will exam the city of New Orleans and the preparation, response, and aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. This catastrophic event shaped the US disaster response and recovery system. The city of New Orleans is the most populated city in state of Louisiana. Due to the geographical location, the city was at a significant risk for flooding. New Orleans was originally settled on the naturalRead MoreUnited States Government Response to Hurricane Katrina: Where Does the Blame Belong?1645 Words   |  7 Pagesorder to affect or interfere with decisions.† Many accuse the United States’ national government of minimal and slow actions taken after the tragedy of Hurricane Katrina, while others share the blame of this response. Local, state, and national government response will be discussed, focusing on the government’s interaction after the strike of Hurricane Katrina. Katrina hit New Orleans, Louisiana on August 29th, 2005, but the failure of the local government started before this day â€Å"by allowing buildingRead MorePost Disaster Response for Hurricane Katrina Government preparation efforts had been in the works1500 Words   |  6 PagesPost Disaster Response for Hurricane Katrina Government preparation efforts had been in the works for years prior to Hurricane Katrina striking the Gulf Coast. In fact a recent as 2004 a hurricane drill was hosted by FEMA simulating a disaster event rivaling that of Hurricane Katrina including the evisceration of the city in also a similar manner. This drill, otherwise known as the â€Å"Hurricane Pam† drill, caused enough of an effect to get additional funding for preventative measures. GovernorRead MoreMigratory Land Birds Response To The Hurricane Devastation805 Words   |  4 Pageslandscapes. Typically, if a migrant is in a stopover site that doesn’t have adequate resources, it will move to a stopover site that has better resources. This will be hard at the western part of the Gulf for them to do. It’s been 2 months since the hurricane hit and it’s difficult to assess how migratory land birds stopping over in the Gulf Coast have responded to the hurricane’s devastation. The species that specialize by foraging in the leaf litter of the forest floor, are at a disadvantage regardingRead MoreAnalysis of Song Lyrics1604 Words   |  7 Pagesagainst social issues and the preconceived ideas that stand tall on the stage of democracy. This is why song lyrics should be considered one of the most important cultural texts of the modern age. The songs Sunday Bloody Sunday by the band U2 and Hurricane by artist Bob Dylan substantiate ideas of equ ality and â€Å"justice for all†, encouraging the listener to take a look at their own values and attitudes surrounding the issues presented†¦ would the listener react differently if it were their life or integrityRead MoreDisaster Management Of The Hurricane Katrina Essay1596 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction In today’s world, there has been one disaster or another, and hurricanes are one of those disasters that always happens. But, for one reason or another we are never prepared or understand the danger of any type of hurricane over a category one. Most of us have been through many hurricanes, like this learner who has lived in Miami, Fla. for over 30 years, and experienced her last hurricane which was Hurricane Andrew. Warnings are always given, first responders are trained to all ways

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Epidemiology HIV Paper - 1382 Words

Paola A Torres Grand Canyon University: NRS- 427V 12/14/2014 HIV COMMUNICABLE DISEASE AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is defined by the Mayo Clinic as A chronic, potentially life-threatening condition which is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV damages the immune system, and interferes with the ability the body has to fight the disease causing organism (Mayo Clinic, 2014). HIV is an infection transmitted sexually. Another mode of transmission for HIV is by exposure to infected blood, or it could also be transmitted from the mother to the unborn child during the course of pregnancy, at childbirth or through breastfeeding. It may take several years for the HIV virus to weaken the immune system†¦show more content†¦Biology and genetics: Sex, gender, sexual orientation, race/ethnicity. Various studies show evidence that link the relationship between social determinants of health and the risk for HIV. Interrelated social determinants of health can create a context of vulnerability and risk for HIV. It is very important to be able t o recognize the interrelation components of HIV risk in order determine the HIV prevention response that is the most effective. For instance, research shows that HIV rates are significantly higher in Black men who have sex with men (MSM) than for MSM of other races. These rates, which are very disproportionate, are not attributable to a higher frequency of sexual risk behaviors. To appropriately address risk for MSM of different races, it is imperative to understand the process of disease transmission among these populations, in other words, the social determinants of health that are involved, such as access to healthcare (CHLA, 2012). The epidemiologic triangle is composed of, the agent, the host, and the environment. The International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) describes the HIV as causative agent for AIDS. According to the IPM, â€Å"the most common type is known as HIV-1 and is the infectious agent that has led to the worldwide AIDS epidemic. There is also an HIV-2 tha t is much less common and less virulent, butShow MoreRelatedEpidemiology Paper on Hiv800 Words   |  4 PagesPromotion May 16, 2014 HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It can lead to immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. It is caused by the HIV entering the uninfected body and stats to destroy CD4+cells which are there to help the body fight infection and disease (Webmd.com, 2014). Once you have HIV, you have it for life. More than 1.1 million people in United States alone are living with HIV and 1 out of 6 font even know it. About 50,000 people are infected with HIV each year (Cdc.gov, 2014).Read MoreThe Prevention Of Infectious Disease1596 Words   |  7 PagesEcology of Infectious Disease Final Exam HIV Public Health Campaign Purpose of the Guide to HIV Infection for Healthcare Professionals Presented on pages 1 through 3 is a mock guide that will be handed out to public health professionals for the purpose of identifying and treating those afflicted with HIV. General Information on the Human Immunodeficiency Virus with Specified Information for the Healthcare Professional Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV is a single stranded positive sense RNARead MoreExamples Of Position Of Officer967 Words   |  4 Pagesearned my MD from Kabul Medical University specializing in Family Medicine. I then earned an Executive MBA in Health Management and Administration from Preston University Pakistan. Subsequently, I earned my Dual MPH degree in Epidemiology and Global Health, and my PhD in Epidemiology at the University of South Florida, College of Public Health. Here, I would like to briefly address the critical competencies in the position description. With over 10 years of experience in public health, I have ledRead MoreEpidemiology Paper1518 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Running head: Epidemiology paper: Tuberculosis Epidemiology Paper: Tuberculosis Richard Doria Grand Canyon University NRS-427V October 5, 2014 Epidemiology Paper: Tuberculosis â€Å"Tuberculosis (TB), a multisystem disease with myriad presentations and manifestations, is the most common cause of infectious disease–related mortality worldwide. Although TB rates are decreasing in the United States, the disease is becoming more common in many parts of the world. In addition, the prevalenceRead MoreHiv Epidemiology1228 Words   |  5 PagesHIV Epidemiology HIV Epidemiology For the epidemiology paper I chose to write about HIV. HIV is growing concern in the community and too many people are uneducated about the seriousness of this disease. HIV is terminal illness; it will eventually consume your life at some point. There are treatment options out there but being compliant with the medication regimen is crucial to the maintenance and management of this disease. HIV also known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus; with HIV the virusRead MoreThe Nutritional Principles Of Nursing Course Essay1667 Words   |  7 Pages Nutrition and HIV Tiffany Schenck Rasmussen College Author Note This paper is being submitted on December 9, 2016, for Virginia Aulik’s Nutritional Principles of Nursing course. â€Æ' Nutrition and HIV It s been 30 years since the HIV/AIDS epidemic shook the world. What is the current status of the virus globally? Are you at risk? Is there a cure? HIV does not make someone dangerous to know. You can shake their hand and give them a hug without becoming infected. In America, 8% ofRead MoreWhy I Am A Doctor875 Words   |  4 Pagesinitiatives through the International Federation of Medical Students Associations. I led local campaigns and worked on publications to raise awareness on breast cancer, tuberculosis, smoking, breastfeeding interruption, female genital mutilation, HIV/AIDS, and other global health issues. Working as a physician in Egypt, I quickly realized that I could be more effective in solving health problems if I integrated a public health approach with my clinical background. One of the encounters during myRead MoreThe Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )1529 Words   |  7 PagesTemplate for APA Papers: A Sample of Proper Formatting for the APA 6th Edition Sheela Jose Grand Canyon University: HIV Known as a Communicable Disease A communicable disease is known an illness that results from an infectious agent that occurs through transmission either indirectly or directly, from an infected individual. The human immunodeficiency virus is considered a communicable disease, and will be explored further in relation to the concepts of epidemiology and the role ofRead Moreepidemiology HIV1204 Words   |  5 Pagesa written paper of 1,200-1,500 words, apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Communicable Disease Selection Choose one communicable disease from the following list: 1. Chickenpox 2. Tuberculosis 3. Influenza 4. Mononucleosis 5. Hepatitis B 6. HIV Epidemiology Paper Requirements Include the following in your assignment: 1. Description of the communicable disease (causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment) and the demographicRead MoreQuestions On Epidemiology And Biostatistics846 Words   |  4 Pages EDUCATION: Temple University Philadelphia, PA US Master’s Degree – 12/2014 45 Semester hours Major: Public health Concentration: Epidemiology and Biostatistics Relevant Coursework: Fundamental of Public Health, Complex Emergencies and forced migration, Epidemiological Research Methods I II, Multivariate Biostatistics, Data management and Analysis, Political Aspect of Public Health

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Characterization of Slaves in Mark Twain’s Huckleberry...

Mark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn is a controversial American novel due to its uncensored depiction of racist Southern antebellum society. The novel follows a white protagonist named Huckleberry Finn and his runaway slave friend, Jim, as they adventure down the Mississippi River. Twain characterizes Jim as a typical uneducated, unsophisticated slave who is merely a piece of property, in order to expose the reality of slavery in the antebellum period. However, by also giving Jim a paternal role and humane qualities, Twain uses the character of Jim and his relationship with Huck to convey that slaves were humane people, despite how they were viewed and treated at the time. The first time On the outside Jim is introduced in the novel, he is characterized as as a stereotypical slave as he is simple, unsophisticated, illiterate, childlike and superstitious. Huck is simply a representation of the average white person in that era. He may be fascist but wouldn’t even know he was on e due to his society. Huck is not necessarily racist; he goes as far as befriending a slave who is owned by Miss Watson. His initial description of Jim comes off as racist but Huck is merely describing Jim in a way that slaves were typically viewed. Jim is portrayed as childlike in his thinking, naà ¯ve, and superstitious which was a typical stereotype about slaves. At one point, Jim, a grown man, is tricked by Huck, a young boy, on the raft and is made to believe that he is in a dream rather than reality.Show MoreRelated Mark Twains Pessimistic Views Exposed in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn782 Words   |  4 PagesMark Twains Pessimistic Views Exposed in Mark Twains Pessimistic Views Exposed in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, through examples of hypocrisy, racism, and greed, shows Twains pessimistic view of society and corruption of the human race as a whole. This novel documents the travels of a young boy by the name of Huckleberry Finn, and a runaway slave named Jim as they attempt to explore and escape their homes because of their own respective reasonsRead MoreThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Research Paper1649 Words   |  7 PagesSince its first publication in 1884, Mark Twain’s masterpiece The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has proven to be one of history’s most controversial novels; especially recently, the novel has often been banned by schools and censored by libraries. Characters in the book are constantly using disparaging language toward slaves, and the repeated use of the word â€Å"nigger† makes many sensitive and offended. Critics denounce the novel and Mark Twain as racist for this word being insulting and politicallyRead MoreEssay on Memorable Moments In Mark Twains Huck Finn621 Words   |  3 Pages Mark Twain’s famous novel, Huckleberry Finn, was published in 1855. 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Who Decided Free Essays

Nehal HousnyBasic Composition Kathy WilfordNovember 5, 2012 Who Decides? Medical Technologies (MT) is an essential factor when it comes to science . However, there seems to be a misunderstanding on who should have the power to control its use. The three most common figures that are usually involved in controlling MT’s are the government, doctors, and society. We will write a custom essay sample on Who Decided or any similar topic only for you Order Now Each representative has its own advantages and disadvantages . In both essays ,†The Made to Order Savior† by Lisa Belkin and â€Å"Who Holds the Clicker† by Lauren Slater , medical technology procedures are executed yet controlled and regulated differently. Every figure has its own guidelines as to how to control this technology and at times there was no control at all . Medical practices are very important and sometimes necessary to save a patients life . With proper funding from the government , doctors should have the authority to control how medical technology is used. In the â€Å"Made to Order Savior† by Lisa Belkin , doctors were able to control medical practices used in the patients life. Unfortunately , they received little or no funds from the government. Belkin felt that doctors lacked control because they were being held back from the government . For example, Dr Mark Hughees was one the first doctors who helped Strongin Goldbergs’ and the Nashes’ family find a cure for their children Henry and Molly. His brilliance and ever-lasting experience caused much of his research to be supported by the government , but not for too long. It was only so soon that Congress decided to stop funding Hughess research , which eventually affected the lives of Henry and Molly. Hughes then continued his research through private funds. Belkin states â€Å" at the time he was also a member of a federal advisory committee that developed guidelines for single-cell embryo analysis that was central to PGD. But no sooner had those guidelines been developed than Congress banned all federal financing of embryo research , and Hughes was forced to continue his research with private funds only†(6). This shows that the doctors’ work is not always supported and can be affected by the governments’ decisions. The government is controlling and limiting the doctors’ ability to use medical technology . By stopping financial funds necessary to continue research the chances of finding new cures lessens by a great chance . This can also be considered detrimental to the patients life because it leaves questions unanswered . On the other hand , in â€Å"Who Holds the Clicker† by Lauren Slater , doctors were able to receive adequate funding from the government to expand the use of medical technology . The government here saw the benefits of medical technology to the point were they took control of it. By willingly sponsoring doctors , this technology was soon uses as a management device. e . This potentially put pressure on the doctors because there funding was still limited which made no room for mistakes or seconds chances. Slater states †Beyond questions of whether a several mentally ill patient can provide informed consent, there continue to hover fears that DBS could fall into the hands of the state, or the overworked prison system, and be used as a management device†(242). As mentioned in the context of the essay, it is understood that the phrase â€Å"management device† refers to power and the capacity to dominate. Here, the government saw an opportunity to utilize the tools of medical technology to control the population. One example of how the government wanted to use medical technology to gain power is to try and wipe out violence. Slater states â€Å" The potential uses and abuses of neural implants were obvious: You could control prison populations; you could effectively wipe out violence† (236). They targeted certain races and populations, such as African Americans. Their excuse to use medical technology was to wipe out violence from the African American race. Once again, this proves that the doctors are the ones who should be in charge of medical practices. With a doctor, there is no exchange of benefits with his or her patients. The doctor does not desire power or management to cure a patient. Instead, a doctor needs experience, passion, and the will to decide when and how to use medical technology. In both Belkin and Slaters’ essays the government is seen as an obstacle to allow the doctors be in control of their own job. Government is looking for ways on how to control the people regardless if it is providing funds or not. Peoples lives should not be based on what the governments’ visions are . The use of medical technology should stand in the hands of the doctors with no pressure included. Neurosurgeon Rees Cosgrove stated â€Å"If we do not do this right and carefully, and , you know properly†¦ I do not think we will have another opportunity†(242). There is a certain amount of pressure on the doctors shoulders’ to perfect these experiments and devices. Because there is no time for trial and error doctors are not able to test the procedure several times before actually executing it . â€Å"There are no animal models of DBS for anxiety or depression, so these forays into the human brains are largely unguided despite all the high tech equipment†(242). Once again, government is limiting the doctors’ options creating less precise results for their research. Spending so much time with anyone creates a certain level of attachment, let alone between a doctor and his or her patient. This attachment or bond can expedite the curing period of a patient. For example, Belkin states â€Å" They [Henry’s parents] took on Dr. Hughes problems as their own, bonding with him deeply , knowing that they needed him to bond if they were to save Henry†(10). Here, it is obvious that Henry’s parents are proudly desperate to find a cure for their son to the point where they are willing to deal with Henry’s doctors’ personal problems. Concerning over one another’s issues and trying to lift a burden always increases productivity and positivity. Slater also states â€Å" When Mario talks about that time now , tears come to his eyes. â€Å"It was like a miracle,†he says. †I still have some OCD symptoms but way , way less. Dr Greenberg and Ramussen saved my life. †(241) It is clear that as long there is good communication between the patient and the doctor, progress comes easier . Also, when the doctor has full control of the situation in terms of knowing the patients past habits, pain issues, and diagnosis he or she can provide a specific solution. They not only master helping every patients life but also learn to bond with most of them . This makes it more personal which can result in a positive way. Doctors should be able to receive proper funding since it is for sake of saving lives and advancing cures. As mentioned, doctors are reputable people with knowledge of how medical procedures should be carries . There are regulations that are given to every patient before the procedure. For example, Belkin states â€Å"That was apparently what Hughes’s gut told him , too, and he agreed to try and develop a lab procedure to screen HLA a the single-cell level. His participation came with certain conditions. First , that the mother must be younger than 35, because younger women produce more eggs, increasing the odds of a healthy match. Second, that he would work only with families who carried a specific subset for Type C mutation, known as IVS4,because it is the most common. And, last of all, the child being created must be wanted. †(7). Doctors create these guidelines to create the maximum amount of productive work and results. Once again, proving that they should have the say as to how medical technology is used. Slater’s essay advocates this idea of setting guidelines before experimentation, â€Å" To be eligible for neural implants he [Mario] had to exhaust every available pharmacological option at either optimal or above optimal doses and undergo at least 20 hours of behavior therapy. He had to understand the risks and implications of the procedure and provide his consent. His case was viewed by three review board†(238). It is shown that doctors are trained to take full control of a patients’ medical life in order to provide them with necessary aid. Others may see these procedures as detrimental to human health, however no doctor is licensed to harm his own patients. Slater’s essay later states â€Å" Dr Greenberg, his [Mario] psychiatrist said â€Å"we don’t want to repeat the mistakes of the past. We want to sure this therapy is not only used indiscriminately , but that it is reserved for the group of people who have failed trials of everything else†(238). This shows that doctors have the commitment to cure their patients. Although doctors provide accurate results , other may argue that doctors have too much control over the patients life. In† Who holds the Clicker†, a doctor by the name of Robert Heath studied forms of psychosurgery such as deep brain stimulation , also knows as DBS. The method in which carried this type of surgery is graphic and can be disturbing to the patients’ family members. Slater states â€Å" Heath took patients culled from the back wards of Louisiana’s mental hospitals, slit open their skulls , and dropped electrodes down deep inside them . With the use of a handheld stimulator , Heath discovered that electrodes placed in the hippocampus, the thalamus, or the tegmentum could produce states of rage or fear , while electrodes placed in the brain’s septal area and part of the amygdala could produce feelings of pleasure†(235). Evidently, the language used in this quote is visual and does not sound pleasurable. These procedures are seen as immoral and unethical by many patients and the public. To a certain extent the procedures of some experiments are unconscionable . Nonetheless, this paved a way for new science discoveries and benefited millions. Belkins’ story takes this issue a little lighter than Slaters’. The mothers of Henry and Molly underwent the process of in-vitro fertilization every other month to try and conceive a newborn child. It was necessary to impregnate a child with a matching tissue type. In spite of this hectic procedure , the mothers did not mind it . Even though the process affected their health and reproductivity , they still followed the doctors recommendation . They flew out to different clinics in different states to find a solution. Belkin states â€Å" Lisa spent all 1999 trying to defy the odds. In January she produced 12 eggs, 2 of which were healthy matches;she became pregnant , then miscarried. In June she produced only four eggs , one of which was a match but did not result in a pregnancy. In September she produced eight eggs , six of which had Fanconi anemia ; the single health match was implanted , but again, her pregnancy test was negative†(13). If there is a will there is a way to solve any problem no matter how difficult it is. Lisa , mother of Molly, kept trying and trying until she finally did become pregnant. This shows that trial and error, despite its vulgar imagery , still has the possibility of bringing positive results and changing someones’ life! Also , as much as doctors know the procedure is harmful in some way to the body, they also know there is a way of rejuvenating the patients health. These doctors don’t see a possibility of â€Å"no†. So why would anyone not allow doctors to have control of our medical lives? Dr. Wagner states â€Å" I’m here as the patients advocate , meaning Molly and Henry and all the other children in need of transplants . It is my obligation to push the envelope because I see how bad the other side can be . I see the results of a sibling transplant;they’re the easiest transplant to do†(7). It is clear that doctors see potential way more than the patients and the families. They should be trusted even if the procedure involves surpassing boundaries and limits . When these limits are exceeded and pushed to its fullest potential results like saving Molly’s life occur . Belkin states â€Å" In the end , Molly’s life was saved. That is the Nashes’ answer to people who question their right to manipulate nature . Their right springs form the difference between 30 percent and 85 percent ;the difference between Molly and Henry. That is also their answer to those who would urge the government to ban all embryo research because it harms unborn children . The research , they say ,saves children like Molly†(17). Not only is it proven that the government is an obstacle in terms of funding research , but also the doctor here jeopardizes his own job . Ultimately , medical technology is a very brittle topic to discuss in terms of who controls it. Governments’ part to play is to fund the doctors who are guaranteed to establish new science . As far as the essays and my personal opinion goes , doctors are the ones to be given control . They should be able to regulate medical devices . With their recognizable knowledge and perpetual background, it is safe to rely on doctors with your eyes closed. 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